Businesses that want to take advantage of a new law that provides tax breaks for hiring unemployed veterans or jobless veterans with disabilities must act fast to apply to get thousands of dollars in benefits. Companies have just 28 days after the hire to apply for benefits under the VOW to Hire Heroes Act, which President Barack Obama signed into law on Nov. 21, 2011.
The application process can be complicated for large companies that operate across a wide region and that have to verify the employment status of a veteran in each state, experts said.
“An employer has to screen the applicant on or before the offer being made,” said Ezrie Yellin, Work Opportunity Tax Credit product manager at TALX, a St. Louis-based company that provides services to human resources, tax and payroll departments. “The state workforce agency will then either approve or deny or ask for more information.”
The Obama administration and Congress worked together on the legislation to extend and expand tax benefits to companies that hire veterans, especially veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The jobless rate for all veterans fell to 7.5 percent in January 2012, down sharply from 9.9 percent the previous year and below the national average of 8.3 percent, according to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, the unemployment rate for veterans who were on duty in Iraq and Afghanistan remained high at 9.1 percent in January 2012, BLS reported.
Veterans who served in these wars tend to be young and have less college education and corporate experience than others. This might make them unattractive to some employers that have many applicants to select from in the large post-recession labor market. However, many learn skills in the military that are valuable in the civilian world, including managing expenses for major operations, doing large-scale logistics, and providing emergency medical care to the wounded, Obama said before signing the bill into law.
“Employers who hire our veterans are getting the best America has to offer,” said Gary Fry, national commander of AMVETS, a Washington, D.C.-based organization that works to improve the quality of life for veterans and active duty personnel. “Employers benefit, our veterans benefit, the economy benefits and the nation as a whole benefits.”
The Vow to Hire Heroes Act continues the Work Opportunity Tax Credit—already in existence—for veterans with service-connected disabilities, which has a maximum of $4,800. In addition, it offers businesses a new tax credit of:
40 percent on the first $6,000 in wages (up to $2,400) for hiring veterans who have been unemployed at least four weeks.
40 percent on the first $14,000 in wages (up to $5,600) for hiring veterans who have been unemployed for longer than six months.
40 percent of the first $24,000 in wages (up to $9,600) for hiring veterans with service-related disabilities who have been unemployed for longer than six months.
Some companies look for veterans for vacant positions, Yellin said. Others select the best candidate and then determine after hire whether that person would qualify for veteran-based tax breaks, he said.
Nonprofit and for-profit companies that hire a veteran must submit an Internal Revenue Service Form 8850 and either a Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration Form 9061 or 9062 to their local Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) coordinator to get certification for the tax credits.
A company can hire a third-party company to apply for the tax benefit on their behalf, said Angela Lockman, director of tax credits and incentives for TALX Tax Management Services.
“For employers who operate in several states it can be arduous,” Lockman told SHRM Online. “They have to receive certification from the state and be aware of other regulations in various states. That drives the need for a third party to help them with compliance with the program.”
For more information on applying for the tax credits, as well as contact information for state WOTC coordinators click here to read a White House fact sheet. The IRS released guidance on how to claim the tax benefits. To read it, click here.
Greg Wright is a Washington, D.C.-based freelance writer who has covered Congress, consumer electronics and international trade for a number of major news organizations.
Related Articles and Resources
Obama Proposes New Jobs Deal for Veterans, SHRM Online Staffing Management Discipline, February 2012
Employing Military Personnel and Recruiting Veterans—What HR Can Do Survey Report, SHRM Research, October 2010
SHRM Affiliates Help Military Veterans Transition into the Civilian Workforce, SHRM Volunteer Resources, June 2011
Military Sourcing Options, SHRM webcast, June 2011
Recruiting Military Brass, HR Magazine, June 2010
Military Employment Resources Page
SHRM Online Staffing Management Discipline