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10-K

The official account of a public companys annual report filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Takeover

The leveraged purchase and acquisition of control of a company by purchasing or exchanging of stock in a friendly or hostile manner (see also hostile takeover).

   

Takeover bid

An attempt by a company or individual to acquire and assume control, management and responsibility of another company.

   

Tangible net worth

The sum total of a companys assets less intangible assets and financial liabilities.

Target cash balance

The amount of cash a company would like to have readily available.

   

Task analysis

Defining standards and conditions of a particular task and identifying the distinguishing factors between tasks.

   

Tax-deferred

An investment in which some or all taxes are paid at a future date instead of the year the investment experiences a gain.

   

Tax-exempt

A reduction taken from income subject to federal taxes for a specific reason, as allowed by the Internal Revenue Service.

   

Tax shelter

A financial arrangement that reduces tax liability on current earnings.

   

Tertiary sector

The administrative and service sector of the economy (the part of the economy made up of nonprofit organizations).

   

Think globally act locally

A commonly used phrase to offer guidance to global enterprises that are constantly trying to balance standardization vs. localization.

   

Think tank

A group organized for the purpose of intensive research and problem solving, especially in the areas of technology, social or political strategy, or demographics.

   

Thrift institution

The general term used to describe banks, lending institutions and credit unions.

   

Time management

The discipline of using time efficiently and well in order to achieve professional, personal or organizational objectives.

   

Total debt

A metric used to establish a companys financial risk by determining the total amount of assets being financed by debt. Calculated by adding short-term and long-term debt and then dividing by total assets.

   

Total quality management (TQM)

A structured system that satisfies internal and external customers and suppliers by integrating the business environment, continuous improvement and breakthroughs with development, improvement and maintenance cycles.

   

Traded option

An option that has been authorized by an exchange for trading.

   

Trademark

The name of a particular product or service legally registered as the exclusive property of a specific business enterprise.

Trade secret

Any formula, pattern, device or compilation of information used in ones business that gives the individual or entity an opportunity to obtain an advantage over competitors that do not know or use this formula, pattern, device or compilation of information.

   

Transnational company

A company in the most advanced stage of globalization because it has the ability to manage consistently across borders while retaining local flexibility.

   

Treasury bill

A short-term security issued by the U.S. government.

   

Treasury bond

A long-term interest bearing bond issued by the U.S. government.

   

Treasury note

A U.S. government-issued note.

   

Trend analysis

The process of forecasting an organizations staffing needs by analyzing past employment patterns in order to identify trends that may be expected to continue.

   

Trustee

An individual or institution that oversees and manages a trust.

   

Turnkey program

A tailor-made prepackaged program, developed by an external contractor for an organization, that is ready for immediate operation without a need for modifications.

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