Body of Competency & Knowledge In 2011, SHRM began years of extensive research involving thousands of HR professionals to develop the SHRM Competency Model, which identifies eight key Behavioral Competencies: Ethical Practice, Leadership & Navigation, Business Acumen, Relationship Management, Communication, Consultation, Critical Evaluation, and Global & Cultural Effectiveness and one Technical Competency: HR Expertise (HR Knowledge) that are the foundation of successful HR practice. The SHRM Competency Model provides HR professionals with a comprehensive roadmap for developing the capabilities they need to advance their careers and improve their effectiveness in the workplace. The SHRM Competency Model is fundamental to SHRM’s two new certifications, the SHRM Certified Professional (SHRM-CP) for early-career practitioners, and the SHRM Senior Certified Professional (SHRM-SCP) for senior-level practitioners. SHRM is launching these new credentials to further two goals: For HR professionals, to reaffirm the importance of acquiring both the competencies and knowledge essential for successful job performance; For employers, to provide reliable indicators of proficiency in these critical dual aspects of modern HR practice. SHRM regards the SHRM-CP and SHRM-SCP as the new standard in certification for the HR profession. By incorporating key HR competencies into the SHRM-CP and SHRM-SCP, SHRM is enhancing the relevance of the new certifications. SHRM’s new credentials demonstrate to the global business community that the credential holder has strong capabilities in both aspects of HR practice—competency and knowledge—that are required for effective job performance. The SHRM Body of Competency and Knowledge (SHRM BoCK™), also draws heavily on the SHRM Competency Model. The SHRM BoCK documents the HR Behavioral Competencies and Knowledge Domains tested on the SHRM-CP and SHRM-SCP certification exams. The SHRM BoCK is also the common framework for item writers developing questions and individuals developing exam preparation materials. SHRM operates exam development and study material development as separate, independent functions, and observes a strict firewall between these activities to protect the integrity and credibility of the certification exams.