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What some consider harmless Halloween costumes, others see as tasteless
As Halloween approaches, along with the requisite office party, there's always the chance someone will show up as a stripper or in a drag costume that mocks the transgender community or in a get-up that insinuates that Muslims are terrorists.
In the middle will be the HR manager, trying to strike a détente between those who find certain Halloween costumes and parties offensive and those who see no harm in dressing up and poking fun—even at things others consider sacred.
But what one person considers funny and harmless, another may view as tasteless or offensive.
On a blog called "Ask a Manager," one black reader inquired about how to tell white co-workers that painting their faces dark so they could imitate basketball stars would offend her. Her question inspired both empathy and disbelief.
An employee at a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit responded that a colleague "and her husband were going to be the Huxtables [of the "Cosby Show"], complete with blackface. They laughed and laughed. I was in complete shock." Another reader, "Lily," commented, "My ethnicity is not a 'costume' or 'character' [that] you get to dress up as for fun on a holiday. It's who I am."
Many who responded to the blog suggested that the writer ask the office manager to publish costume guidelines before Halloween. "Say that you've heard some people talk about dressing up in costumes that would cross the line into demeaning certain ethnic groups, and you'd appreciate her issuing some guidance in advance," one blog reader said. "You might mention that doing so would be in the company's best interest for legal reasons as well, because you would hate to see the company be accused of creating a hostile work environment for something like this."
Marya Calhoun, director of human asset management and development at Georgia-based Vericom Corp., agreed that a well-communicated party and costume policy is the safest route.
"We've had to give guidance to those who wanted to dress as another employee, their manager or the president of the company," she said. "Develop guidelines for office-appropriate costumes. Remember to be as clear as possible. Giving guidelines helps everyone to understand what's acceptable and appropriate."
In their policies, HR managers may need to move beyond the standard "Use good taste and judgment," because people interpret "good taste and judgment" differently. Providing examples of costumes that routinely offend people is a better approach, said Steve Miller, a labor and employment attorney at Chicago-based Fisher & Phillips. They include those that show too much skin, such as the naughty nurse or the French maid, and those that mock sexual orientation, such as drag attire.
Miller recalled the costume sold not long ago that included an orange prison jumpsuit and an alien mask, to depict an illegal alien. It made national news because it offended so many people.
So you've spelled out the Halloween policies, and someone shows up in Muslim headdress and a vest stuffed with fake bombs.
Miller advises against overreacting. But be aware, he said, that some costumes "could lead to a liability nightmare for employers."
"For example, a revealing costume may prompt some employees to make 'friendly' jokes or inappropriate comments to the employee about the costume. These jokes or comments may continue after the Halloween celebration and cause the employee discomfort—potentially prompting a complaint of sexual harassment," Miller said.
Sounds over-the-top? Consider that Miller once defended a company against an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission claim filed by a Christian worker who said the office Halloween party offended her religious beliefs because it celebrated evil. The EEOC dismissed the claim because the company told the worker she didn't have to attend the party and offered to give her a paid day off instead.
Do's and Don'ts
HR managers and employer attorneys offer the following advice to companies that want to create policies for Halloween costumes and parties:
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