New to HR? Templates, tools and development to make you a seasoned pro in no time.
Shawn Premer shows how doing the right thing for employees leads to positive business results.
Is your employee handbook keeping up with the changing world of work? With SHRM's Employee Handbook Builder get peace of mind that your handbook is up-to-date.
Build competencies, establish credibility and advance your career—while earning PDCs—at SHRM Seminars in 12 cities across the U.S. this spring.
#SHRM18 will expand your perspective – on your organization, on your career, and on the way you approach HR. Join us in Chicago June 17-20, 2018
Court rules that declining to hire rehabbed nurses does not violate ADA
Members may download one copy of our sample forms and templates for your personal use within your organization. Please note that all such forms and policies should be reviewed by your legal counsel for compliance with applicable law, and should be modified to suit your organization’s culture, industry, and practices. Neither members nor non-members may reproduce such samples in any other way (e.g., to republish in a book or use for a commercial purpose) without SHRM’s permission. To request permission for specific items, click on the “reuse permissions” button on the page where you find the item.
A hospital did not violate the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) when it refused to hire two nurses who had completed a drug rehabilitation program and had restricted licenses because the hospital consistently applied its neutral hiring policy, an appeals court ruled.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit ruled in Lopreato v. Select Specialty Hosp.-N. Ky. that the hospital’s record of refusing to hire nurses with current or previous restrictions on their professional nursing licenses regardless of the reason showed that its actions were nondiscriminatory.
The nurses alleged that their drug addictions constituted disabilities under the ADA and the hospital’s decision not to hire them solely because they had license restrictions after participating in a state-sanctioned drug rehabilitation program violated the statute.
Elley Lopreato and Susan Taylor were both previously terminated from St. Elizabeth Healthcare, which has several locations across northern Kentucky, after stealing narcotics for personal use.
The nurses enrolled in a drug rehabilitation program through which they signed an agreement to have restrictions placed on their nursing licenses. In November 2011, Select Specialty Hospital, a long-term acute care hospital in northern Kentucky, began to take over St. Elizabeth, and Lopreato and Taylor applied for jobs with Select. Both women lied on Select’s employment application, stating that they were under no restrictions. At the time, they were both limited in the ability to work long hours and to administer narcotics without supervision.
The hospital declined to hire them when it found out about their license restrictions and pointed to its practice of not hiring nurses with current or former restrictions or disciplinary action on their licenses regardless of the reason.
The court relied on a U.S. Supreme Court case, Raytheon Co. v. Hernandez, 540 U.S. 44 (2003), to conclude that Select’s practice provided a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason to not hire Lopreato and Taylor because the practice was similar to an employer’s policy of not rehiring employees who were previously terminated for any violation of workplace conduct.
“It is undisputed that Select’s practice applies to all applicants who have or have had restrictions on their professional licenses, regardless of whether the applicant’s license is or has been restricted because the applicant is disabled or because of some other reason,” Judge John M. Rogers said.
Rogers pointed out that the nurses did not allege that Select treated them differently than similarly situated applicants who were not disabled. For instance, Select did not hire any nondisabled applicants who had prior restrictions on their licenses that resulted from the applicants’ engagement in misconduct not connected to drug abuse.
The nurses’ allegations that Select’s hiring practice disproportionately impacts drug addicts “would only be relevant if Lopreato and Taylor had pursued a disparate impact theory, which they have not,” Rogers said. Lopreato and Taylor acknowledged only disparate treatment claims. Disparate impact refers to policies and practices that appear to be neutral, but result in a disproportionate impact on protected groups. Disparate treatment must be intentional.
Roy Maurer is an online editor/manager for SHRM.
Follow him @SHRMRoy
You have successfully saved this page as a bookmark.
Please confirm that you want to proceed with deleting bookmark.
You have successfully removed bookmark.
Please log in as a SHRM member before saving bookmarks.
Please sign in as a SHRM member before saving bookmarks.
Please purchase a SHRM membership before saving bookmarks.
An error has occurred
Recommended for you
Talent Attraction Study: What Matters to the Modern Candidate
Become a SHRM Member
SHRM’s HR Vendor Directory contains over 3,200 companies