Higher Paid, More Educated Workers Receive More Job Training

More men than women report receiving on-the-job training

By Roy Maurer April 7, 2015

A new survey reveals that factors such as income, education level and employment status impact the quantity of on-the-job training employees and job seekers receive.

The Glassdoor U.S. Employment Confidence Survey, conducted by Harris Poll March 19-23, 2015, among 2,024 adults, found significant differences between the amount of on-the-job training received by various socioeconomic groups.

Nearly three in four (73 percent) employees earning household incomes over $100,000 reported receiving on-the-job training in the past 12 months. Fewer employees with lesser household incomes—$75,000-99,999 (57 percent), $50,000-74,999 (58 percent), less than $50,000 (57 percent)—said they received training.

Seventy percent of employees with college degrees reported receiving on-the-job training in the past year compared to 56 percent of employees with some college education and 58 percent of employees with or without a high school diploma.

“There’s no doubt that we see socioeconomic status impacting how much on-the-job training one employee receives versus another employee,” said Rusty Rueff, Glassdoor career and workplace expert. “At some companies, this shouldn’t be viewed as a major surprise since employers tend to invest more in managers and senior leaders, who are then expected to share their leadership training and new skills with their teams,” he said.

The problem is that the training tends to be mostly managerial training that develops the manager, but doesn’t improve the individual skills of team members, Rueff explained. Other disconnects occur when managers receive training but don’t share it with their teams, or when employers just don’t have strategic training policies in place, he added.

Sixty-six percent of men said they have received on-the-job training in the past 12 months compared to 57 percent of women.

Almost two-thirds (62 percent) of employees overall received on-the-job training from their employer in the past 12 months, while only one in four (24 percent) people who were unemployed but looking for work (and who have been employed within the past 12 months) received training from their most recent employer in the past year.

When it comes to types of training, only 29 percent of employees said they received technology training. Only 6 percent of those unemployed but looking for work received technology training from their most recent employer in the past year.

“As the national conversation heats up around the need for greater skills training opportunities, the Glassdoor survey underscores the importance of making sure skills training is available equally to all socioeconomic groups in the country,” said Rueff.

By having policies in place, every employee can know what kind of training can be expected at different levels in one’s career, and how frequently, he said. “We also know that on-the-job training and career advancement is highly valued among all employees. Any employer that offers at least some on-the-job training to all employees will establish a competitive edge when it comes to recruiting and retaining talent.”

Pay Raise, Job Market Confidence Reaches New Highs

The Glassdoor survey also tracks four indicators of employment confidence on a quarterly basis: salary expectations, job market optimism, business outlook and job security.

The survey found that pay raise confidence is at a new six-year high: 45 percent of employees expect to receive a pay raise or cost-of-living increase in the next 12 months. This is up two percentage points from last quarter. Thirty-seven percent do not expect a pay raise, unchanged over the past two quarters, while 18 percent say they don’t know. Pay raise confidence is higher among men (50 percent), compared to women (40 percent).

Half (48 percent) of employees (including those self-employed) reported feeling confident in their ability to find another job matched to their current experience and compensation levels in the next six months. This remains consistent with the previous quarter’s six-year high. Of those unemployed but looking for work, job market confidence increased four percentage points to 47 percent since last quarter, a new six-year high.

When it comes to business outlook, 47 percent of employees (including those self-employed) believe their company’s business outlook will improve in the next six months, up four percentage points since last quarter. Forty-six percent believe it will stay the same and 7 percent believe it will get worse. Men (52 percent) are more optimistic than women (40 percent) that business will get better in the next six months.

Sixteen percent of employees reported being concerned about being laid off in the next six months, edging up 3 percentage points from last quarter. Twenty-eight percent of employees reported being concerned about co-workers being laid off in the next six months, an increase of five percentage points since last quarter.

Roy Maurer is an online editor/manager for SHRM.

Follow him @SHRMRoy​​


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