The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) of 2008

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On May 21st, 2008, President Bush signed into law the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA), which prohibits U.S. insurance companies and employers from discriminating on the basis of information derived from genetic tests.

GINA protects employees from discrimination based on information derived from genetic tests. It forbids insurance companies from discriminating through reduced coverage or pricing and prohibits employers from making adverse employment decisions based on a person’s genetic code. In addition, insurers and employers are not allowed under the law to request or demand a genetic test.

GINA also protects the privacy of personal genetic information by prohibiting group health plans and insurers from collecting or requesting genetic information with narrow exceptions;

  • Bars employers from collecting or using their employees’ genetic information.GINA Prohibits employers from collecting and using employees' genetic information;
  • Prohibits employers from discriminating against employees in hiring, firing or any other terms and conditions of employment based on a worker’s genetic information; and
  • Allows victims of genetic information discrimination to bring their case to court.

Click here to download full text of the statutes.

Click hereto download the full text of the regulations.

Source: National Human Genome Research Institute

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