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Alabama is considered an employer-friendly state and, for the
most part, any laws that differ from federal law are
Select Alabama employment requirements are summarized below to
help an employer understand the range of employment laws affecting
the employer-employee relationship in the state. An employer must
comply with both federal and state law.
An employer must also comply with applicable municipal law
obligations affecting the employment relationship, in addition to
complying with state and federal requirements.
The Alabama Age Discrimination in Employment Act (AADEA)
prohibits an employer from discriminating against employees age 40
and over, and allows aggrieved employees to take legal action
without first exhausting any administrative remedies.
Be aware that where there is overlap between federal, state
and/or local law, complying with the law that offers the greatest
rights or benefits to the employee will generally apply.
Access XpertHR for in-depth Alabama employment law
resources, including Employee Handbook templates, required
posters, summaries of pending legislation and their implementation
dates, together with comprehensive coverage of state employment
laws and practical guidance on how to comply.
Child labor laws in Alabama restrict the occupations in which
minors may be employed and the number of hours and times during
which they may work.
All minors are prohibited from working in hazardous occupations,
and minors under the age of 16 are prohibited from working in a
variety of other occupations such as manufacturing or building
trades. Child labor laws also list many occupations in which minors
are actively permitted to engage, such as delivering newspapers and
Minors who are 14 or 15 years of age may not work:
When school is in regular session, minors who are 14 or 15 years
of age may not work:
Additionally, minors who are 16, 17 or 18 years of age, and who
are enrolled in any public or private primary or secondary school
system, may not work between 10:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. on any night
preceding a school day.
Alabama has fewer laws relating to required leaves for employees
than many other states, but does have mandated leave laws such
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