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Performance Improvement Plans (PIP)

A performance improvement plan (PIP), also known as a performance action plan, is a tool to give an employee with performance deficiencies the opportunity to succeed. It may be used to address failures to meet specific job goals or to ameliorate behavior-related concerns.

Outcomes may vary, including improvement in overall performance; the recognition of a skills or training gap; or possible employment actions such as a transfer, demotion or termination.

HR's role includes:

** Determining whether a PIP is the appropriate action for the situation.
** Administering all PIPs in conjunction with the manager to prevent bias.
** Providing ongoing guidance to both the manager and employee throughout the plan.

Read the rest of the article:
How to Establish a Performance Improvement Plan
SHRM How-to-Guide | Sep 2019

Additional How-to Tips

When the need for a performance improvement plan (PIP) arises, it is important to look at the underlying factors. The root-cause of the situation may not be as easy as "performance." Instead, it may begin at the onset of the individual's tenure. Three basic steps exist to a strong performance improvement plan
Steps for Strong PIPs (Performance Improvement Plans)
Talent+ | Sep 2019

By combining the two main aspects of coaching, feedback and goal setting, employees are presented a concrete roadmap of performance initiatives that they want to achieve, along with developmental training on how they can succeed throughout their role. Professional coaching isn't about dictating to employees what you want to see; instead, it's about working together to construct a performance improvement plan.
5 Steps for Creating an Effective Performance Improvement Plan
ClearCompany | Apr 2019


SHRM Performance Improvement Plan (PIP #1)
SHRM Performance Improvement Plan (PIP #2)
Emory University Guidelines & Templates for Performance Management Documentation
ERC Performance Improvement Plan Checklist
The Balance Performance Improvement Plan: Contents and Sample Form

Drexel University Performance Improvement Process
Duke University Standards of Conduct & Performance/Corrective Action Policy
Wayne State University Performance Improvement Plans

Georgia Institute of Technology Performance Improvement Plan Guidelines/Processes
City of Milwaukee Employee Job Improvement Plans
Ohio State University Performance Improvement Process
Indiana University Performance Improvement Plan
University of Oklahoma Performance Improvement Plans

Related Reading

Over the years, I have observed the different dynamics around PIPs and, on average, rarely have I seen a PIP end in a win-win situation for all. Perhaps I am jaded from my first experience and observing how a team's culture and morale were negatively impacted. In retrospect, the negativity could have been averted with a more human approach.
It's Time We Finally Do Away With Performance Improvement Plans
Forbes | Jul 2019

A Performance Improvement Plan (PIP) is a tool used by managers and HR to help employees identify and create an action plan when there are deficiencies present in your performance. While receiving a PIP can feel scary, they should not always be perceived negatively.
Do these things if your employer puts you on a performance improvement plan
Fast Company | Mar 2019

Index of COVID-19 Express Requests
SHRM | On-going

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