What are the filing requirements for the EEO-1 form?

May 7, 2020

[Editor's note: On May 7, 2020 the EEOC announced that EEO-1 filers should begin preparing to submit data in 2021. Pending approval from the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) the EEOC would expect to begin collecting the 2019 and 2020 EEO-1 Component 1 data in March 2021 and will notify filers of the precise date the surveys will open as soon as it is available.]

The EEO-1 is a report filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), mandated by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1967, as amended by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972. The act requires that employers report on the racial/ethnic and gender composition of their workforce by specific job categories, referred to as component 1 data. In 2019, certain employers were also required to report hours worked and pay data to the EEOC, referred to as component 2 data. As of this writing the reporting of component 2 data has been suspended.

All employers that have at least 100 employees are required to file component 1 data reports annually with the EEOC.

Federal government contractors and first-tier subcontractors with 50 or more employees and at least $50,000 in contracts must file only component 1 data reports.

Federal contractors with 1-49 employees, and other private employers with 1-99 employees, are not required to file either EEO-1 component 1 data or component 2 data.

EEO-1 data reports must include employment data from a "workforce snapshot period," which is any pay period from October through December. When counting employees to determine if an employer is required to submit EEO-1 data, only employees on the payroll during the workforce snapshot period are counted. Component 1 data must be filed by March 31 of the following year.

See the EEOC's EEO-1 Survey resources for additional guidance on component 1 reporting.

The reporting system is entirely online on the EEOC website, including instructions and FAQs.  

First-time filers can find a simple registration form online as well. When registration is completed, the EEOC will issue a company number to the employer and filers will be able to log in to the system.




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