Update: Final Rule Issued on Benefit Summaries
On Feb. 9, 2012, the Obama administration issued afinal rule requiring U.S. health insurers and group health plans to provide a concise and comprehensible Summary of Benefits and Coverage document to current and potential health plan participants, for plan years beginning after the fall 2012 open enrollment season. See the SHRM Online article Administration Issues Final Rule on Summary of Benefits and Coverage.
The U.S. departments of Labor, Treasury, and Health and Human Services issued a proposed rule on Aug. 17, 2011, addressing the form and content of the Summary of Benefits and Coverage (SBC) and Uniform Glossary requirements under section 2715 of the Public Health Service Act, which was added by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). This section creates disclosure requirements to help plans and individuals better understand their current health coverage as well as other coverage options that might be available.
The proposed rule requires that health insurers provide group health plan sponsors with an accurate SBC and that the SBC then be provided to participants and beneficiaries. The rule applies to Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) and non-ERISA group health plans, including grandfathered plans. The federal departments have invited comment on the form and content of the SBC and uniform glossary and application and on factors that impact the feasibility of meeting the statutory deadline. Comments are being accepted through Oct. 21, 2011.
Provision of the SBC to Plan Participants and Beneficiaries
The proposed rule provides that the plan administrator of a group health plan is responsible for providing an SBC to participants and beneficiaries, including enrolled employees, dependents, COBRA-qualified beneficiaries and children covered pursuant to qualified medical child support orders. For administrative convenience, a single SBC may be sent to participants and beneficiaries with the same residence. If a group health plan is fully insured, the health insurance issuer may provide the SBC in lieu of the plan administrator. The SBC must be free.
Under the proposed rule, the SBC must be provided in the following situations:
- Initial enrollment/application. Group health plans must provide an SBC on initial enrollment to all eligible individuals. The SBC must cover all options in which an individual is eligible to enroll. An SBC must be sent to individuals eligible for special enrollment under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) within seven days of such individual’s request for enrollment. If there are any changes in coverage before the first day of coverage, an updated SBC must be provided by the group health plan. This is a significant acceleration from current ERISA disclosure rules, which require that a summary plan description be provided 90 days after becoming a participant in the plan.
- Renewal/re-enrollment. A group health plan must provide an SBC automatically for the option in which an individual is enrolled at subsequent open enrollment/renewal periods. A participant or beneficiary may request an SBC for options in which they are not enrolled at renewal.
- Material change. A group health plan must provide an SBC automatically on mid-year material modification to coverage that affects the content of an SBC, as described below.
- On request. A group health plan must provide a participant or beneficiary with an SBC as soon as administratively practicable after a request for an SBC, but no later than seven days after such request.
Provision of the SBC to Plan Sponsors
The proposed regulations require that a health insurance issuer provide an SBC to a plan sponsor within seven days of receiving an application or a request for information about a group health insurance policy, or on request. If the group health plan applies for coverage and there are any changes in coverage, an updated SBC must be provided by the health insurance issuer.
In addition, a health insurance issuer must provide an SBC to a plan sponsor at renewal when the renewal application is distributed or, for automatic renewals, no later than 30 days prior to the first date of the new policy year.
Content of an SBC
The proposed rule generally parallels the statute with regards to the content of an SBC and provides a template SBC. In general, an SBC must contain:
- Uniform definitions.
- A description of the plan’s coverage, including exceptions, reductions and limitations.
- The plan’s cost-sharing provisions, such as deductibles, co-pays and co-insurance.
- Information about continuation of coverage.
- Hypothetical coverage examples selected by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to illustrate the benefits that would be provided for certain common benefits scenarios.
- A statement as to whether the plan provides minimum essential coverage and whether the plan pays at least 60 percent of the total cost of benefit (beginning January 1, 2014).
- An Internet address (or similar) for obtaining a list of the network providers.
- An Internet address where an individual may find more information about the prescription drug coverage under the group health plan or health insurance coverage.
- An Internet address where an individual may review and obtain the Uniform Glossary.
- Premium information for insured plans or cost of coverage for self-insured plans.
- A statement that the SBC is only a summary and that the plan document, insurance policy, contract or certificate of insurance should be consulted for more information about the coverage provided under the plan.
- Contact information for questions or for obtaining a copy of the plan document or the insurance policy, contract or certificate of insurance.
Appearance, Form and Manner of an SBC
The proposed rule provides that an SBC must be printed in a 12-point or larger font and limited to four double-sided pages, and that the SBC must be a stand-alone document. However, as noted above, the departments are considering how SBC requirements should be streamlined for ERISA plans that must provide summary plan descriptions, and they have requested comments on ways the SBC might be coordinated with summary plan descriptions, annual enrollment materials and other mandatory group health plan disclosures.
An SBC may be provided by a group health plan to participants and beneficiaries on paper or, with respect to group health plans subject to ERISA or the Internal Revenue Code, in electronic form as long as the group health plan satisfies the Department of Labor electronic disclosure safe harbors. (For non-ERISA plans, electronic distribution may be used if certain safe harbor requirements are met.)
A health insurance issuer may provide an SBC to a plan sponsor in paper form or electronically, provided that any electronic transmittal is readily accessible to the group plan.
The proposed rule requires that SBCs be provided in a culturally and linguistically appropriate manner similar to the PPACA rules regarding group health plan claims and appeals communications. Generally, group health plans must disclose the availability of language services and provide written translation of an SBC in a non-English language on request in certain counties that have been identified by the U.S. Census Bureau as having a concentration of non-English speakers.
Notice of Material Modification: the 60-Day Advance Notice Rule
The proposed regulations clarify that if a group health plan or health insurance issuer makes a mid-year material modification to coverage that affects the content of an SBC, the group health plan or health insurance issuer must provide a 60-day advance notice to enrollees.
This is a significant change from current ERISA rules, which require provision of a notice of material modification within 60 days after adoption of a material reduction in group health plan covered services or benefits, or within 210 days after adoption of any other type of material modification or change. The 60-day advance notice rule does not apply to modifications made at renewal/annual open enrollment.
A “material modification” under the proposed rules is the same as a “material modification” under ERISA Section 102 (any change to the coverage offered that independently or in conjunction with other contemporaneous changes would be considered by the typical plan participant to be an important change, including changes that enhance or reduce benefits, increase premiums or cost-sharing or impose new referral requirements).
The advance notice may be provided through a separate notice or an updated SBC. For ERISA plans, the rules regarding the timing of a summary of material modification still apply for modifications that do not affect information provided in an SBC.
Provision of a Uniform Glossary
The proposed rules require that group health plans and health insurance issuers make a Uniform Glossary of terms available to participant and beneficiaries. The uniform glossary may not be modified and must be provided in paper and electronic form on request by a participant or beneficiary within seven days. (A paper version of the Uniform Glossary must be available on request.)
The proposed rules includes a list of health-coverage-related terms and medical terms that will need to appear in the uniform glossary, which in addition must include other terms that the Secretary of HHS determines are important to define so that individuals and employers may compare and understand the terms of coverage and medical benefits (including any exceptions to those benefits).
What This Means for Your Group Health Plan
Employers that sponsor group health plans should start working with insurance providers and third-party administrators to compile the information necessary to meet the SBC requirements.
A group health plan or health insurance issuer that willfully fails to provide an SBC will be subject to a fine of up to $1,000 per enrollee who does not receive the SBC. Excise taxes and self-reporting requirements under section 4980D of the Internal Revenue Code also apply.
Amy Gordon, Susan Nash, Maureen O’Brien and Jamie Weyeneth are partners at international law firm McDermott Will & Emery LLP.
© 2011 McDermott will & Emery LLP. All Rights Reserved. Reposted with permission.
This article should not be construed as legal advice.
Related SHRM Articles:
- DOL Extends Safe Harbors for Summaries of Benefits and Coverage, SHRM Online Benefits, April 2013
- More Health Plan Communications Go Digital, SHRM Online Benefits, October 2012
- Health Care Reform: What is the Summary of Benefits and Coverage, SHRM Templates and Tools, May 2012
- Get Ready for Summary of Benefits and Coverage Rule, SHRM Online Benefits, updated February 2012
- Administration Issues Final Rule on Summary of Benefits and Coverage, SHRM Online Benefits, February 2012
- HR Should Review Summary of Benefits and Coverage Carefully, SHRM Online Legal Issues, February 2012
SHRM Online Benefits Discipline
SHRM Online Health Care Reform Resource Page