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Viewpoint: If an Employee Attends a Beyonce Concert While on FMLA Leave, Can She Be Terminated?

A court ruling endorses carrying on with internal investigations and disciplinary measures, when warranted

A group of people clapping in an auditorium.

All the single ladies . . . all the single ladies . . .
Now put your hands up, oh, oh, oh . . .

Imagine marketing director Michelle Jackson jamming to this Beyonce song in the middle of AT&T Stadium in Dallas. On that very day, however, she's supposed to be recuperating at home after suffering a panic attack at work.

Michelle had been given a performance improvement plan (PIP) to address her poor performance. By all accounts, she deserved it, since she struggled with the volume of the work required for her position. Although Michelle agreed that she could not keep up and her performance was deficient, she didn't think she deserved a PIP.

Days after receiving the PIP, Michelle left work. She reported by e-mail that she had seen a doctor, was "not well to return back to work" and would be filing for short-term disability benefits. Two weeks after receiving the PIP, Michelle was spotted at a Beyonce concert—in her employer's corporate sky box.

I'm not kidding.

When word spread that Michelle was at the concert, Michelle's boss left her a voicemail, asking to discuss why Michelle thought it was appropriate to attend the concert when she was not working. Michelle responded by e-mail that she had not been released by her doctor to meet and that as soon as she was released, she would be willing to meet.

Her boss responded by e-mail, giving her a deadline to respond by later that day. When Michelle failed to respond, she was terminated for three reasons: poor work performance, her attendance at the concert while on leave, and her failure to respond to her boss's inquiries. As the story goes, Michelle sued her employer, claiming it interfered with her FMLA leave and retaliated against her for taking leave.

[SHRM members-only toolkit: Managing Family and Medical Leave]

Insights for Employers

With Beyonce's "Naughty Girl" playing in the background, I'm sure, the district court in Ft. Worth quickly dismissed Michelle's FMLA claims, finding that her employer had an honest suspicion that she was abusing leave, and her failure to respond to her boss' inquiries could only lead the employer to conclude that she was indeed taking leave for reasons having nothing to do with the FMLA (Jackson v. BNSF).

Michelle's missteps actually provide some helpful practical pointers for employers:

  • You can require your employees to respond to your reasonable inquiries while they are on leave. Employers often are gun shy about conducting workplace investigations or taking disciplinary action against an employee while the employee is on FMLA leave. This approach is understandable, as employers are worried about the appearance of retaliation because the employee may claim (as she did here) that the employer took action on the heels of an employee's request for FMLA leave.
    Yet, this court decision is an endorsement to carry on with your internal investigations and disciplinary measures so long as you can show that you would have done the same absent any request for FMLA leave.

  • You can terminate employees who fail to communicate with you while on leave. Similarly, employers feel paralyzed to take any action against an employee while they remain on leave.

Stop feeling powerless!

What I love about this court decision is that it reaffirms the principle that the employer was well within its right to terminate Michelle's employment after she failed to communicate with the employer. The court got it right—when an employee fails to communicate with their employer, they suffer the consequences.

Was this employee treated fairly or did she get a raw deal? View HR professionals' comments responding to this article on SHRM's Facebook page.

Jeff Nowak
 is a shareholder at Littler, an employment and labor law practice representing management, and author of the author of the FMLA Insights blog, where this article originally appeared. © 2017 Jeff Nowak. All rights reserved. Republished with permission.

Related SHRM Article:

Employee Who Did Not Respond to Employer Loses ADA, FMLA Claims, SHRM Online Employment Law, October 2017


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