Finally get that promotion? Get exclusive content, tips and tools to help you excel.
Implicit bias occurs when individuals make judgments about people based on gender, race or other prohibited factors without even realizing they’re doing it.
Is your employee handbook keeping up with the changing world of work? With SHRM's Employee Handbook Builder get peace of mind that your handbook is up-to-date.
Build competencies, establish credibility and advance your career—while earning PDCs—at SHRM Seminars in 12 cities across the U.S. this spring.
#SHRM18 will expand your perspective – on your organization, on your career, and on the way you approach HR. Join us in Chicago June 17-20, 2018
Members may download one copy of our sample forms and templates for your personal use within your organization. Please note that all such forms and policies should be reviewed by your legal counsel for compliance with applicable law, and should be modified to suit your organization’s culture, industry, and practices. Neither members nor non-members may reproduce such samples in any other way (e.g., to republish in a book or use for a commercial purpose) without SHRM’s permission. To request permission for specific items, click on the “reuse permissions” button on the page where you find the item.
When employees complain about “gross” things at work, such as body odor, bad breath, flatulence, throat clearing, coughing, nose-blowing or visible or perceived conditions such as
bedbugs or head lice, HR professionals are often consulted for guidance.
It’s important for HR professionals and managers to know what they can and cannot do, legally, as well as how best to handle situations that can distract employees, lead to conflicts, and, in some cases, raise employee fears of exposure.
“The employer should not ignore the problem,” said Joseph H. Harris, an employment law attorney with White Harris in New York City. “If the gross habit is a distraction and is disturbing other employees, it needs to be addressed,” Harris told SHRM Online.
Lynne Sarikas, director of the MBA Career Center at Northeastern University in Boston, has heard about plenty of inappropriate workplace behavior, including employees clipping fingernails, snorting, burping loudly or making “other inappropriate bodily noises.”
“I hate to sound cynical, but you’re dealing with human nature,” Sarikas said. “You often spend more time with the people you work with than the people you live with, and it can be challenging.”
Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) members often share such challenges on SHRM’s online discussion boards. For example, one SHRM member wrote: “I have a (female) manager that brought to my attention that her (male) direct report is often ‘adjusting’ himself during business meetings with clients. How should this be addressed, if at all?”
Another asked: “How would you recommend handling an issue with someone who has a lot of issues with gas? ... I know for a fact [it is] not intentional, but it has gotten a lot worse and it is really bothering people around him.”
Steps HR Can Take to Address Employee Behavior
In most cases, Harris said, HR professionals should meet with the employee to determine whether the conduct is simply a disgusting habit or if there’s “something more serious going on” such as an underlying medical condition or disability, in which case accommodations may be appropriate.
For example, an employee who’s hacking and wheezing constantly might have a respiratory ailment.
Harris recommends starting such a conversation by saying: “We know this is an uncomfortable situation, but there have been some complaints about (whatever the behavior is) and we want to find out what’s going on and to find out if you’re OK.” If the person offers that he or she has an underlying medical condition, that’s fine, he said, but it’s not appropriate for the manager or HR to ask directly.
Assuming no underlying medical condition, the employee should be reminded of any policies concerning hygiene, as well as the organization’s code of conduct, which should prohibit disruptive behavior.
Depending on the severity of the situation—and again, provided the behavior isn’t the result of a medical condition—the employer might even find it appropriate to issue a written warning, acknowledged in writing by the employee, that the conduct violates company policy and that the employee might face further discipline, up to, and including, termination, if it continues.
The employer should work to ensure uniformity, Harris noted. Disciplining one employee, but not another, for disgusting or inappropriate office behavior might leave an organization open to discrimination or retaliation charges, he said.
In a previous job, Sarikas worked with HR to address an accountant who cleaned his fingernails with a pocketknife during meetings. “It was totally gross,” she said. Sarikas recommends that employees not confront the co-worker but first speak with their manager and to focus on how the problem is hurting productivity, “instead of just complaining.”
Paul Shanahan, regional vice president at Adecco in Chicago, said it’s important for HR to remain calm and professional, to “provide examples of how (the behavior) is impacting others around them,” and to focus on “the activity, not necessarily the individuals.”
Tara Walters, HR manager and accountant at Coalition Technologies, a Los Angeles Internet design and marketing company, said she once had to speak with a coworker who breathed very loudly, especially when listening to music with his headphones.
“All you could hear from his cubicle were deep breathing and panting sounds,” Walters recalled. Coworkers were uncomfortable and wondered “what exactly he was doing in there by himself,” Walters said. The employee now listens to music through just one headphone, so he can be more aware of his breathing.
“It was kind of an awkward conversation, but he took it very well,” Walters said.
Handling Bedbugs and Lice
Situations involving employees who have or are suspected of having
bedbugs or lice pose unique challenges, particularly since employers have a duty under the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Act to keep the workplace free of recognized hazards, according to Danielle Urban, a partner in the Denver office of Fisher & Phillips, a national labor and employment law firm.
Employers need to be careful not to stifle any conversations related to possible infestations, since doing so may cause them to run afoul of the National Labor Relations Act.
If an employee reports that he or she has bedbugs or lice, the employer may ask the person to seek medical treatment, provide leave and allow the employee to return with proof the infestation has been treated. If the employee hasn’t disclosed the issue, but a colleague reports it, HR should ask for “credible evidence” to ensure it’s not a bullying or harassment situation, Urban said.
With credible evidence, HR should approach the employee in a “straightforward and discreet” manner to discuss the issue, Urban said.
Tips from the Experts
Pamela Babcock is a freelance writer based in the New York City area.
You have successfully saved this page as a bookmark.
Please confirm that you want to proceed with deleting bookmark.
You have successfully removed bookmark.
Please log in as a SHRM member before saving bookmarks.
Please sign in as a SHRM member before saving bookmarks.
Please purchase a SHRM membership before saving bookmarks.
An error has occurred
Recommended for you
Join SHRM's exclusive peer-to-peer social network
SHRM’s HR Vendor Directory contains over 3,200 companies