Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vivamus convallis sem tellus, vitae egestas felis vestibule ut.

Error message details.

Reuse Permissions

Request permission to republish or redistribute SHRM content and materials.

DOL Adjusts Penalties for FLSA, FMLA and OSH Act Violations

Employers should review their pay practices, postings, and safety protocols to ensure compliance

A judge's gavel on top of a stack of money.

Effective Jan. 23, 2019, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) has increased the civil monetary penalties for violating federal minimum wage, overtime, posting and safety requirements. The higher penalty amounts apply to penalties assessed after that date for Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) violations that occurred after Nov. 2, 2015. To minimize potential liability, employers should review their pay practices, postings, and safety protocols to ensure compliance.


The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 allowed federal agencies to make certain inflation adjustments to civil monetary penalties that could be imposed under laws they enforce. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Inflation Adjustment Act) amended the law to require agencies to make an initial catch-up inflation adjustment for penalties by Aug. 1, 2016 and to make subsequent annual adjustments for inflation no later than Jan. 15 of each year. Annual adjustments are based on the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (CPI-U).

On July 1, 2016, the DOL issued its initial catch-up adjustment, significantly increasing penalties under the FLSA, FMLA, OSH Act and other laws its agencies enforce. The increases applied to penalties assessed after Aug. 1, 2016 for violations that occurred after Nov. 2, 2015—the date the Inflation Adjustment Act was enacted. In 2017, the DOL began adjusting penalty levels annually in January.

Adjusted Penalties

On Jan. 23, 2019, the DOL published a final rule setting forth annual inflation adjustments for 2019, increasing civil monetary penalties under the FLSA, FMLA, OSH Act and other laws it enforces. The higher levels apply to penalties assessed by the agency after Jan. 23 for associated violations that occurred after Nov. 2, 2015.


The FLSA and applicable DOL regulations provide for the assessment of civil monetary penalties for any person who repeatedly or willfully violates federal minimum wage or overtime requirements. Under the final rule:

  • The maximum penalty for repeated and willful violations of the FLSA's minimum wage and overtime provisions increases from $1,964 to $2,014.

Because penalties are normally assessed on a per-employee basis, employer liability can quickly become substantial if noncompliant pay practices affect a number of workers.

[SHRM members-only HR Q&A: What types of compensation can an employer include in an exempt employee's salary to meet the FLSA minimum salary requirement?]


Every employer covered by the FMLA is required to conspicuously post a notice explaining the statute's provisions and providing information for filing complaints of violations with the DOL's Wage & Hour Division. Under the final rule:

  • The maximum penalty increases from $169 to $173.


Prior to the Inflation Adjustment Act, OSH Act penalties were not subject to automatic inflation-adjusted increases. When the Inflation Adjustment Act eliminated the exclusion, OSH Act penalty levels became subject to the 2016 catch-up adjustment and subsequent annual inflation adjustments.

Under the final rule:

  • The maximum penalty for serious, other-than-serious, and posting violations increases from $12,934 to $13,260 for each violation.
  • The maximum penalty for failure to abate violations increases from $12,934 to $13,260 per day.
  • The minimum and maximum penalties for willful violations increase from $9,239 to $9,472 and from $129,336 to $132,598, respectively.
  • The maximum penalty for repeated violations also increases from $129,336 to $132,598.

In Closing

Increased penalty levels will apply to amounts assessed by the DOL after Jan. 23, 2019 for violations of the FLSA, FMLA and OSH Act occurring after Nov. 2,

Nancy Vary, JD, is a director of the Knowledge Resource Center at HR consultancy Buck. Abe Dubin, JD, is a consultant at Buck. © 2019 Buck Global LLC. All rights reserved. Republished with permission.

[Visit SHRM's resource pages on FLSA Exemption Classification and the Family and Medical Leave Act]


​An organization run by AI is not a futuristic concept. Such technology is already a part of many workplaces and will continue to shape the labor market and HR. Here's how employers and employees can successfully manage generative AI and other AI-powered systems.