Motivating sales professionals has never been a function of just "paying more." While it is true that incentive or commission-based compensation is still the best driver of sales results, research shows that it is far from being the only factor that affects a sales professional’s engagement and performance.
Sales representatives are also motivated by non-financial rewards, such as work content, benefits, career and affiliation. The overarching key is to get the sales force committed to the company, to what it sells and to why it sells it—that is, to get them fully engaged.
Of course companies must pay competitively and in line with expected results; higher performance requires higher upside opportunity. But getting to the heart of a sales professional requires more. How can organizations engage their sales force? The findings from Sibson’s Rewards of Work (ROW) Studyprovide some useful insights.
Yes, They Are Different … Sibson’s most recent ROW Study found that sales employees, compared to non-sales employees, are:
More engaged (57 percent vs. 51 percent).
More committed to their company (68 percent satisfied vs. 62 percent satisfied).
More motivated by compensation (82 percent vs. 62 percent).
Moreover, they have:
A greater sense of affiliation with their organization (67 percent vs. 60 percent).
Higher career satisfaction (57 percent vs. 52 percent).
More trust in management (59 percent vs. 55 percent).
Improved Productivity, Lower Turnover
Sibson defines engagement as knowing what to do at work and wanting to do the work.In a highly engaged sales force, these two factors work in complimentary manner to drive productivity and performance (as shown in Figure 1, below).
Sales professionals who are engaged are both more productive and less likely to leave the company for another job (as shown in Graphs 1 and 2, below).
When it comes to engagement, sales representatives fall into one of four categories (as shown in Graph 3, below).
More than half (57 percent) are Engaged (quadrant 1).They know what to do and they want to do it.
A small minority (4 percent) are Enthusiasts(quadrant 4). Although they want to do their work, they do not know what to do.
More than one quarter (28 percent) are Disengaged (quadrant 3). They do not know what to do and even if they did, they would not do it.
Relatively few (11 percent) are Renegades (quadrant 2). They know what to do but do not want to do it.
The problem then lies with the 39 percent of the sales respondents who are Disengaged or Renegades.
In the context of sales professionals, “knowing” and “wanting” take on special meaning. Of course they know they need to sell and add customers, but they also need to know why they are selling for their company and what the real value proposition is to the customer and other stakeholders. In addition, it goes without saying that good sales professionals want to sell, but great ones want to sell even under adverse conditions, such as backorders, erroneous billing or worse—product failures.
Rules of Engagement
True engagement comes from the right combination of behavioral elements. Using the results of the ROW Study, Sibson developed the employee value proposition (EVP) model, which highlights the factors that most contribute to employee engagement. The model consists of five elements, some financial and some non-financial:
1. Compensation (direct compensation). Sales employees view financial motivators as the most important. Some 82 percent of the sales staff respondents to the ROW Study rated base salary, incentives, cash recognition, premium pay and the pay process as being either important or very important in encouraging their best performance.
2. Work content. Variety, challenge, autonomy, meaningfulness and feedback were not far behind at 79 percent.
3. Benefits (and indirect compensation). Health, retirement, recognition, perquisites and time off were cited by 68 percent of respondents.
4. Career. Advancement, personal growth, training and employment security were cited by 67 percent.
5. Affiliation. Organization commitment, work environment, citizenship and trust were cited by 60 percent.
The first step in improving employee engagement is to know which elements of the EVP model are most important to sales professionals. Next, determine which of those elements are weak in the sales force and consider how to improve them (see Graph 4, below).
These findings suggest that organizations should seriously consider the implications of the non-financial aspects of the EVP model in motivating performance and productivity rather than relying on the traditional view that sales professionals are “just about the money.” Sibson often sees that a majority of the effort in retaining sales employees is focused on ensuring that compensation meets or exceeds that of competitive offers; little or no emphasis is placed on the other elements of rewards.
As the data from the ROW Study suggests, a more holistic view of rewards should be considered. Innovative organizations and their sales leaders must think ahead to ensure that their organization is creating an appropriate EVP to mitigate turnover intentions and other non-productive behaviors.
For example, sales professionals are highly attracted to organizations that sell top-quality products with great customer impact and offer excellent customer service. They have more affiliation with the values of that type of company. In addition, organizations that show respect for and confidence in their first-line sales management increase the retention of their sales professionals. (This characteristic is measured under the work content element of the EVP model.)
How can a manager tell when a sales professional is less than engaged? Clues to sales force engagement problems can often be found in one or more of the following areas:
Communications. A lack of information sharing and collaboration throughout the organization could be the result of uncertainty about the organization’s “vision.”
Nature of work. Engagement is likely to suffer for employees doing routine, unchallenging work that is not directly connected to the sales process or customer relationships.
Rewards and recognition. Problems will develop if employees are not actively involved in their own performance assessment and do not see superior performance being rewarded.
Individual sales performance. Plateaus can result when representatives with relatively long tenure no longer retain top sales status.
Attendance. High rates of absenteeism are an indication that employees are not fully engaged.
Turnover. High turnover, especially among top performers compared to average performers, may be a sign of Renegades who can be “re-affiliated.”
Although strategies for increasing sales force engagement depend on the underlying causes and employers’ culture and performance characteristics, many organizations have been able to improve engagement for their sales staff through a variety of actions, including:
Developing strong collaborative involvement among the sales staff when considering initiatives and actions for driving strategy. For example, a company that experienced a sudden increase in competitive pricing pressure engaged a cross sample of sales representatives to help develop innovative solutions to improve sales performance. Because leadership collaborated with these sales representatives, the information was disseminated and the solutions were implemented quickly.
Increasing the business literacy of the workforce to help employees better understand their organization’s market value and link to shareholder value. A fast-growing software development company expanded its capabilities by offering consulting support to its application suite. At first, the company began increasing commissions for “services” revenue, but it quickly realized that the account reps were not generating profitable revenue they had expected. Sibson’s examination revealed that only a very few reps understood the value provided to customers and convinced the company that training the reps in how the customers use the applications increased their knowledge of the customers’ business and, in turn, the value potential from the consulting services. In less than six months, the company realized an 8 percent increase in margin on these sales.
Redesigning the sales process to minimize non-selling, non-client impact activities in order to increase the money and improve the line of sight to business results and/or customer outcomes. Similar circumstances were limiting the ability of two health care insurers to increase sales productivity by attempting to increase upside payouts. In the first case, a new sales force automation application was expected to increase selling time, but lack of training only increased the time account executives were spending on call reports. In the second case, the company was looking for additional market and customer intelligence. Non-selling time increased substantially until the company provided an Internet-based application for reporting the desired data.
An engaged sales representative, one who truly knows what to sell (and why) and sells “from the heart and mind,” is a more effective sales representative. He or she is more productive and less likely to leave for another job.
What does it take to nurture engagement? Sure, financial motivators work, but so do other aspects of the employee value proposition, including work content, affiliation, benefits and career development. The key is finding out what areas of the employee value proposition in the sales organization need improvement and then taking steps to do so.
David Insler is a senior vice president in the Los Angeles office of Sibson Consulting. His primary expertise is in sales force effectiveness, organization performance and executive compensation.
This article is adapted and reposted with permission from The Segal Group Inc.
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