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What is an unfair labor practice by the union?

An unfair labor practice is an action by an employer or a union that violates the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). Examples of prohibited conduct by a union include:

  • Restraining or coercing the employer or employees in exercising the rights provided by the NLRA.
  • Causing the employer to discriminate against employees.
  • Refusing to bargain in good faith.
  • Inducing strikes for forbidden reasons such as secondary boycotts.
  • Forcing the employer to make certain work assignments.
  • Forcing the employer to bargain with an uncertified union.
  • Charging excessive initiation fees.
  • Forcing or attempting to force employers to pay for workers the employer does not need.
  • Forcing or attempting to force employers to pay for work that is not or will not be done.


Section 8 of the NLRA provides detailed information on unfair labor practices.

See also What is an unfair labor practice by management?



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